How to Use the Subjunctive in Spanish to Express Doubts and Opinions

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In today’s online Spanish grammar lesson, you will learn how to conjugate verbs in the Spanish Subjunctive to express opinions and doubts. Although many people use the term “subjunctive tense” the subjunctive is actually a “mood.” When using the subjunctive to show one’s personal opinion, keep in mind that we only use the subjunctive if the opinions are in the negative form. For example:

• No creo que….(I don’t believe that)
• No considero que…(I don’t consider that)
• No me parece que…(I don’t think that)
• No pienso que…(I don’t think that)

It is possible to use the Subjunctive Present or Subjunctive Perfect, depending on when the situation takes place. For example:

– No creo que vaya a la fiesta esta noche. (I do not think I will go to the party tonight).

But, if speaking from a time after the party, and I have doubts about who attended the party, I can also use the Subjunctive:

– No creo que mis amigos hayan ido a la fiesta. (I do not think my friends have gone to the party)

Here are some examples on how use the Subjunctive with doubts:

• Dudo de que…(I doubt that)
• Es probable que…(It’s likely that)
• Probablemente…(Probably)
• Puede ser que…(Maybe)
• Es posible que…(It’s posible that)
• Posiblemente….(Likely)

We can use Subjunctive or Indicative with:

• Quizás/Tal vez (Maybe/Perhaps)

Only use the Indicative with: A lo major (Maybe)


If there is a dish of fish on the table…

– Es probable que el gato coma el pescado. (It is likely that the cat will eat the fish)
If, later on, the fish is gone and we do not know who ate it…

– Es probable que el gato se haya comido el pescado. (It is likely that the cat has eaten the fish)

Here is a paragraph to illustrate both uses. The translation is below:

Los Jóvenes y los nuevos entornos virtuales
“Hay muchas opiniones a favor y en contra del uso de las computadoras y especialmente de Facebook en manos de niños o adolescentes. Algunos detractores dicen que es posible que los niños vean contenidos que no sean aptos para menores; pero quienes están a favor dicen que, como todo, probablemente no sea dañino el uso si está supervisado por los padres. Algunos no creen que sea posible controlar el acceso de los más jóvenes a las computadoras y que quizás, este tipo de entornos sociales como Facebook y Twitter sea culpable de la disminución de la lectura, el aislamiento y el mal uso de la lengua por parte de la mayoría de los adolescentes. Sin embargo, muchos intelectuales, no consideran que haya que prohibirlo, y afirman que posiblemente estemos ante un nuevo tipo de alfabetización”.

The Young and the new virtual environments
“There are many opinions for and against the use of computers and especially Facebook in the hands of children or adolescents. Some critics say that is possible that children watch content that is not suitable for minors, but those in favor say that, like everything else, it is probably not harmful if the use is supervised by parents. Some do not think that it is possible to control access to computers of children, and perhaps social environments such as Facebook and Twitter are to blame for the decline of reading, isolation and the misuse of language by most adolescents. However, many scholars do not consider that they will have to ban it, claiming that we may be facing a new kind of literacy. “

Source by Anna Rivera

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